Document Type : Research Paper
Sungkyunkwan University, Republic of Korea
University of Kragujevac, Serbia
The concept of geometric-arithmetic indices (GA) was put forward in chemical graph theory very recently. In spite of this, several works have already appeared dealing with these indices. In this paper we present lower and upper bounds on the second geometric-arithmetic index (GA2) and characterize the extremal graphs. Moreover, we establish Nordhaus-Gaddum-type results for GA2.