Wang, Z., Mao, Y., Wang, X., Wang, C. (2017). Nordhaus-Gaddum type results for the Harary index of graphs. Iranian Journal of Mathematical Chemistry, 8(2), 181-198. doi: 10.22052/ijmc.2017.67735.1254

Z. Wang; Y. Mao; X. Wang; C. Wang. "Nordhaus-Gaddum type results for the Harary index of graphs". Iranian Journal of Mathematical Chemistry, 8, 2, 2017, 181-198. doi: 10.22052/ijmc.2017.67735.1254

Wang, Z., Mao, Y., Wang, X., Wang, C. (2017). 'Nordhaus-Gaddum type results for the Harary index of graphs', Iranian Journal of Mathematical Chemistry, 8(2), pp. 181-198. doi: 10.22052/ijmc.2017.67735.1254

Wang, Z., Mao, Y., Wang, X., Wang, C. Nordhaus-Gaddum type results for the Harary index of graphs. Iranian Journal of Mathematical Chemistry, 2017; 8(2): 181-198. doi: 10.22052/ijmc.2017.67735.1254

Nordhaus-Gaddum type results for the Harary index of graphs

The \emph{Harary index} $H(G)$ of a connected graph $G$ is defined as $H(G)=\sum_{u,v\in V(G)}\frac{1}{d_G(u,v)}$ where $d_G(u,v)$ is the distance between vertices $u$ and $v$ of $G$. The Steiner distance in a graph, introduced by Chartrand et al. in 1989, is a natural generalization of the concept of classical graph distance. For a connected graph $G$ of order at least $2$ and $S\subseteq V(G)$, the \emph{Steiner distance} $d_G(S)$ of the vertices of $S$ is the minimum size of a connected subgraph whose vertex set contains $S$. Recently, Furtula, Gutman, and Katani'{c} introduced the concept of Steiner Harary index and gave its chemical applications. The \emph{$k$-center Steiner Harary index} $SH_k(G)$ of $G$ is defined by $SH_k(G)=\sum_{S\subseteq V(G),|S|=k}\frac{1}{d_G(S)}$. In this paper, we get the sharp upper and lower bounds for $SH_k(G)+SH_k(\overline{G})$ and $SH_k(G)\cdot SH_k(\overline{G})$, valid for any connected graph $G$ whose complement $\overline {G}$ is also connected.